What Are Marketing Frameworks: 8 Types You Need To Know

Marketing Frameworks

What Are Marketing Frameworks: 8 Types You Need To Know

Ready to take your marketing strategy to the next level? Explore the world of marketing frameworks and uncover the essential insights you need to know. Discover 8 powerful types that can supercharge your campaigns and unlock new possibilities.

You're tasked with creating a marketing strategy that not only grabs attention but also converts leads into loyal customers. But where do you start? How do you make sure your efforts are laser-focused on your target audience? This is where marketing frameworks come in. These frameworks are your secret weapons, guiding you in crafting effective marketing campaigns.

You see, we marketers face the constant challenge of making informed decisions in a world that's constantly evolving and changing. The good news is that marketing frameworks provide a structured approach to tackle this challenge head-on. They are like superpowers that help you analyze, plan, and execute your marketing efforts with precision.

In this article, we’ll dive headfirst into what marketing frameworks are and the 8 different types of marketing frameworks that are not only widely used but also hailed by marketers across various industries. By the end, you’ll understand how to leverage customer insights, develop compelling value propositions, and maximize your digital marketing process.

What Is A Marketing Strategy Framework?

In simple terms, a marketing strategy framework is a structured approach or blueprint that helps you develop a comprehensive plan to achieve your marketing goals. Think of it as your strategic toolbox, filled with different frameworks, models, and tools that assist you in making informed decisions and crafting effective marketing strategies.

It provides a framework to organize your thoughts, align your efforts, and create a cohesive plan that drives results. A marketing strategy framework acts as a solid foundation for your marketing endeavors. It helps you:

  • Set measurable goals
  • Analyze your competitors
  • Define your target audience
  • Identify your unique value proposition
  • Determine the most effective marketing channels

With this framework in place, you have a clear roadmap to follow, ensuring your marketing efforts are purposeful and aligned with your overall business objectives.

A marketing framework isn't a rigid rulebook set in stone. You can adapt the framework to your industry, target audience, and unique marketing challenges. This means that your strategies won't just be effective, but they'll also reflect the personality and objectives of your brand.

8 Actionable Marketing Frameworks For Productive Campaigns

From audience analysis to campaign planning, these frameworks will guide you every step of the way, empowering you to make informed decisions and create impactful campaigns. Let’s discuss each marketing framework in detail.

1. SWOT Analysis

Think of SWOT analysis as a close-up examination of your business's internal strengths and weaknesses, along with the external opportunities and threats lurking in the market. It's like shining a spotlight on both your secret superpowers and the obstacles you might encounter.


The external world is full of exciting possibilities and SWOT analysis helps you identify and capitalize on them. By examining the opportunities in the market, such as emerging trends, unmet needs, or untapped customer segments, you can position your brand to seize those golden chances.

Of course, no journey is without obstacles, and the market is no exception. With SWOT analysis, you become well-equipped to identify potential threats that could hinder your success. It might be intensifying competition, changing regulations, or disruptive technologies.

By being aware of these threats, you can develop strategies to mitigate risks, stay one step ahead, and safeguard your brand's future.

So, how can you use SWOT analysis as your go-to marketing tool, especially when developing business proposals and business plans?

  • Start by gathering insights from various sources - your team, customers, industry reports, and market research.
  • Analyze your business objectively, identifying what makes you special and where improvements are needed.
  • Then, assess the market landscape, looking for emerging trends, gaps, and potential risks.
  • Finally, use this analysis to inform your marketing strategies, focusing on leveraging your strengths, seizing opportunities, and overcoming weaknesses.

2. Porter’s 5 Forces

Porter's 5 Forces is a digital marketing framework that unlocks valuable insights about your industry's competitive landscape. It's like a strategic X-ray that helps you see beyond the surface and understand the forces that shape your market dynamics. Let's delve into each force to see how it can supercharge your marketing strategies


2.1 Buyer Power

Your customers hold power too, and this force brings it to the forefront. Understanding the power of customer touchpoints gives you valuable insights into pricing, negotiations, and market demand. Before purchasing a product or service, they’d always look for the one the gives them the best value for their money.

Let’s consider the pet insurance industry as a case in point. Pet owners have become more discerning in choosing the right coverage for their furry companions. Hence, they opt for those that offer more than the traditional coverage and choose the one with additional benefits such as wellness programs that cover routine check-ups, vaccinations, and even access to discounted pet services. No one would pass off a coverage offering a 90% cashback like this pet insurance company.

Armed with this knowledge of buyer journeys and the specific demands of the pet insurance market, you can tailor your strategies (such as customer rate) to create experiences that make pet owners fall head over heels for your brand.

2.2 Supplier Power

Let's shed some light on the influence your suppliers have on your business. This force examines factors such as alternative suppliers, the importance of their inputs, and their bargaining power.

By understanding the power of suppliers, you can navigate potential risks, negotiate favorable terms, and even add a touch of diversification to your supply chain.

2.3 Competitive Rivalry

The competitive landscape can make or break your business, and this force zooms in on the intensity of competition within your industry. We're talking about understanding your rivals, their strengths, weaknesses, and sneaky tactics.

When you analyze competitive rivalry, you discover your unique competitive advantage, stand out from the crowd, and develop strategies that make your rivals go, "Wow, we need to step up our game."

2.4 The Threat Of Substitutes

Watch out for sneaky alternatives that can steal your customers' hearts. This force focuses on potential substitutes that could lure your customers away. It considers factors such as price-performance trade-offs, customer loyalty, and switching costs.

You don't want your customers to be swayed by shiny new options, right? By understanding the threat of substitutes, you can assess the appeal of your offers, identify potential disruptors, and stay one step ahead by continuously adapting to meet your customers' evolving needs.

2.5 The Threat Of New Entrants

New players entering the market can disrupt the status quo, and this force helps you anticipate their arrival. It explores barriers to entry, such as capital requirements, regulations, and brand loyalty.

By understanding the threat of new entrants, you can assess the impact on your market share, identify barriers that protect your position, and fortify your strengths. It's all about staying ahead of the game and defending your territory.

To leverage Porter's 5 Forces as a marketing tool, dive into each force and assess its impact on your business. Consider real-life scenarios, gather market data, and engage in industry research. By analyzing each force, you can identify areas of opportunity, uncover vulnerabilities, and craft strategies that position your brand for success.

3. STP Marketing Model

Have you ever wondered how successful businesses manage to connect with their ideal customers? Well, that's where the STP step framework comes into play. STP stands for Segmentation, Targeting, and Positioning – 3 key steps that form the backbone of a winning marketing strategy.


3.1 Segmentation

Segmentation is all about understanding that not all customers are the same. People have different needs, preferences, and behaviors. So the key is to break down your target market into smaller, distinct segments based on common characteristics.

Consider a manufacturing firm that supplies high-quality ingredients. To break it down for you: Let’s say we break their target market based on common characteristics like industry requirements. Now the company can focus on creating targeted campaigns that highlight the unique benefits of its ingredients for different industries, such as food and beverage, cosmetics, or pharmaceuticals.

This allows you to tailor your marketing messages and experiences to meet the specific needs of each industry, making them feel understood and valued.

3.2 Targeting

Once the segments are identified, the next step is targeting. This is where you pick your targets. Instead of trying to please everyone, you focus your efforts on the segments that offer the greatest potential. By honing in on these specific groups, you can channel your resources and efforts more effectively, creating marketing campaigns that speak directly to the hearts and minds of your ideal customers.

3.3 Positioning

After narrowing down the target segments, it's time to position the brand. Think of it as finding the perfect spot in your prospective customers' minds. It's about creating a unique and favorable perception of your brand that sets you apart from competitors.

By highlighting your strengths, unique selling points, and distinctive qualities, you carve out a special place in the hearts of your customers. Effective positioning helps create a strong emotional connection, builds trust, and influences customer decision-making.

So, why is the STP marketing model such a game-changer? It allows you to truly understand your current customers, connect with them on a personal level, and stand out in a crowded marketplace. By embracing this model, you gain a solid framework to create customer-centric marketing strategies. It allows you to identify the right audience, craft tailored messages, and position your brand effectively.

4. Growth-Share or BCG Matrix


It can be a bit overwhelming to figure out which of your products or business units are doing well and where to focus your resources. Fortunately, the growth-share matrix makes it easy for you.

This matrix simplifies things by categorizing your products into four distinct quadrants, all based on two important dimensions: market share and market growth rate.

Market growth rate represents the potential for growth in a specific market. Is it a rapidly expanding market or one that's relatively stagnant? This helps us gauge the growth prospects for our products.

Market share, on the other hand, measures the relative market dominance of a particular product or business unit. Are we leading the pack or playing catch-up with our competitors? This dimension gives you insights into your position within the market.

For example, let's consider a lingerie brand that offers a range of products for different customer segments. During the Halloween season, they notice a surge in demand for their sexy Halloween costumes and accessories.

Using the growth-share matrix, the brand can assess the market share and market growth rate of its sexy Halloween line. If the market growth rate for sexy Halloween products is high, indicating strong demand and the brand holds a significant market share in this segment, they will classify their sexy Halloween line as a "star" in the growth-share matrix.

As a "star" product, the brand can focus its resources on further developing and expanding its sexy Halloween line to capitalize on the high growth potential and dominant market position.

To further capitalize on this opportunity, the brand can leverage tools like the Google Site Kit plugin to track website traffic, user engagement, and conversion rates specifically for their sexy Halloween product pages. B

This can help the brand gather valuable insights into the performance of its Halloween offerings, identify customer preferences, and make data-driven decisions to optimize its sales process and marketing strategies

Now, let's take a closer look at the 4 quadrants of the growth-share matrix and how each of them measures in terms of market share and growth in the table below.


Market Share

Market Growth Rate

Key Characteristics




Products/business units with high growth potential operating in rapidly growing markets.

Cash Cows



Products/business units with high market share in low-growth or mature markets generating steady cash flow.

Question Marks (or Problem Child)



Products/business units with low market share in high-growth markets require careful evaluation and strategic decisions.




Products/business units with low market share in low-growth markets, limited growth potential, and possible resource drain.

5. Hook Model


Ever wondered why some products or services seem to effortlessly capture our attention and keep us coming back for more? Developed by Nir Eyal, this framework reveals the psychological process that forms habits and creates addictive experiences and consists of 4 stages.

5.1 Trigger

A trigger is what grabs a customer’s attention and prompts them to take action. It could be an eye-catching ad, a captivating headline, or even a notification that piques their curiosity.

Consider Going homepage. Does it look enticing? Is the design visually appealing and inviting? I'm sure your attention was drawn to the enticing promotion displayed prominently - cheap flights. The homepage serves as the initial trigger that captures a customer's attention and prompts them to explore further.


5.2 Action

This stage is all about creating a seamless and enjoyable customer journey that encourages them to engage further. Ideally, you want your customers to take action. Whether signing up for a free trial, making a purchase, or exploring your website, the action step is where the magic happens.

Email lists, for instance, are great for tailoring email content to users’ specific needs and hence provide personalized recommendations that are more likely to attract users.

If we talk about targeting specific professional groups like doctors and healthcare professionals say, crafting a dedicated doctor’s email list will be even more crucial. It helps to ensure your emails reach the individuals who are more likely to have a genuine interest in your offers and increase the chances of engaging the right audience. You could use a LinkedIn email finder Chrome extension to source contacts for a specific audience you want to work with — in this case, you could target professionals in IT, SAAS, EdTech, etc. There are many other methods to target specific audiences and deliver personalized messages. 

In the same way, consider what users pick up on social media content. Is it relevant, engaging, and tailored to their interests? Remember that this stage should be tweaked to align with the social media landscape and ultimately help push users to take action.

5.3 Variable Reward

The variable reward stage is about providing your customers with unexpected and satisfying rewards. It could be a discount, exclusive content, or a virtual high-five. By keeping the rewards unpredictable, you create an addictive experience that keeps them eagerly coming back for more.

5.4 Investment

When we invest our time, effort, or personal information, customers become more connected to your product or service. It could be leaving a review, customizing their preferences, or sharing their achievements. An effective way to foster this investment is by utilizing innovative mediums like podcast software or interactive webinars.

Hosting and creating podcasts, in particular, offers a unique and immersive experience for your audience. As listeners invest their time by subscribing, leaving reviews, and sharing episodes, they develop a deeper connection with your brand.

At the same time, live interactive webinar sessions allow participants to actively engage, ask questions, and contribute to the discussion.

By leveraging the hook model, you'll create experiences that captivate your audience, keep them engaged, and build long-lasting habits. It's like having a magnet that attracts customers and keeps them connected to your brand.

6. They Ask, You Answer

The "They ask, you answer" is a content strategy that is centered around one crucial concept: understanding the needs and interests of your target customers. Instead of bombarding them with generic marketing messages, you focus on delivering valuable information that directly addresses their queries and pain points.

So, how does it work? Well, it starts with listening. You need to actively pay attention to the questions and concerns your customers have. This can be done through various channels like social media, emails, forums, or even interactive tools like lead generation quizzes and interactive surveys.

For instance, let's take the example of ShopSolarKit, a leading provider of solar panel kits. To address these queries and engage its audience, ShopSolarKit has implemented an interactive lead generation quiz on its website.

The quiz, titled "Find Your Solar Kit," is designed to help visitors determine the right solar generator kits for their specific situation. The quiz consists of thought-provoking questions about the participants' energy consumption habits, location, and preferences


Once you've gathered these questions, you can create content that answers them in a detailed and helpful manner. The key here is to be transparent and honest in your responses. Don't shy away from tackling difficult questions or providing in-depth information.

To make the most of this framework, it's important to be proactive, hence:

  • Create content that addresses these areas.
  • Don't wait for your audience to ask questions – anticipate them.
  • Stay updated on industry trends, common pain points, and emerging topics.

7. Lean Analytics Stages


Without data, you're just guessing in the dark. The lean analytics stage focuses on gathering and analyzing data to make informed decisions. The result? You understand how customers interact with your brand, what drives their purchasing decisions, and how effective your marketing efforts really are in engaging your target audience. It usually consists of 3 key stages:

7.1 Setting Clear Business Objectives

What are your key goals and metrics? Are you aiming to increase customer acquisition, improve retention rates, or boost revenue? Defining these objectives helps you align your efforts and focus on what matters most.

7.2 Data Collection Stage

This involves gathering relevant data from various sources, such as website analytics, customer surveys, social media metrics, and sales data. The key is to collect data that is specific to your objectives and provides insights into customer behavior, market trends, and the effectiveness of your marketing initiatives.

7.3 Analyze Your Data

Once you have the data, it's time to analyze it. This is where the framework encourages businesses to identify key performance indicators (KPIs) and metrics that align with their objectives. By analyzing the data, you can gain valuable insights into customer preferences, market trends, and the success of your marketing campaigns.

8. 7Ps Of Marketing

The 7Ps of marketing is a framework that covers all the essential elements you need to consider when developing and executing your marketing plan. It's a comprehensive approach that ensures you're addressing every aspect of your product or service to reach and engage your target audience effectively.

Let's break down each "P" and see how it adds value to your marketing efforts.





Tangible or intangible goods or services that satisfy customer needs.

Core offering of your business


The amount customers are willing to pay for the product or service.

Impacts profitability and perceived value.


Channels and methods to make the product or service available to customers.

Convenience for customers


Marketing activities to create awareness and generate demand for the offering.

Building brand awareness and attracting customers


Individuals are involved in delivering the product or service and shaping the customer experience.

Delivering exceptional customer experience


Activities and steps involved in delivering the product or service to the customer.

Ensuring smooth customer interactions

Physical Evidence

Tangible and intangible elements that demonstrate the value and quality of the offering.

Building trust and credibility

These elements form the foundation of your marketing strategy and should be carefully considered to create a cohesive and effective approach. By addressing each P, you can better understand your potential customers, communicate your value proposition and deliver exceptional customer experiences.


So, now you know all about marketing frameworks and their importance in driving business success. These frameworks provide structure and guidance for making informed decisions, optimizing marketing strategies, and staying ahead in a competitive market.

From the well-known BCG Matrix to the powerful Lean Analytics and SWOT Analysis, each framework brings its unique perspective and insights, helping you navigate through the complexities of the marketing landscape.

To effectively implement these frameworks and supercharge your marketing efforts, you need the right tools. That's where Filecamp comes in. With Filecamp, you can manage all your digital marketing assets in one sleek, user-friendly cloud platform.

Say goodbye to scattered files, version control issues, and the hassle of searching for the right assets. Filecamp empowers you to organize, collaborate, and streamline your digital asset management process with ease. Start a free trial today and discover how easily you can optimize your marketing assets, enhance collaboration, and unleash your marketing potential.

Burkhard Berger

Burkhard Berger

Burkhard Berger is the founder of Novum™. He helps innovative B2B companies implement revenue-driven SEO strategies to scale their organic traffic to 1,000,000+ visitors per month. Curious about what your true traffic potential is?
Published June 7, 2023

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